South Sudan: Return to hostilities

On the night of 15 December 2013, shooting broke out between groups within the Sudan People’s Liberation Army, the national army of the Republic of South Sudan. Accounts of precisely what triggered the violence vary but what is clear is that fighting involving troops loyal to President Salva Kiir Mayardit and those backing sacked vice president Riek Machar spread quickly across the capital, Juba, and the rest of the country. Civilians were targeted because of their ethnic group – Kiir is Dinka; Machar Nuer - and were killed in large numbers.